Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
Treatment of Diabetes
Doctors treat diabetes with a few different medications. Some of these drugs are taken by mouth, while others are available as injections.
Symptoms Of Diabetes Type 1
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which your immune system destroys insulin-making cells in your pancreas. These are called beta cells.
* Type 1
* Frequent Urine
* Weight loss
* Sometimes blurred vision
* Mood changes ( Irritation)
* Dry in mouth
Symptoms Of Diabetes Type 2
Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream.
* Type 2
* Increase in hunger
* Darkened skin ( neck, armpits)
* Increase in urination
* More vision problems
* Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar levels.
* Feeling thirsty
Risk factors of Diabetes Type 1
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes type of diabetes is caused by the immune system. The risk factor of type 1 diabetes is not as clear as type 2 diabetes.
these are the risk factors of type 1 diabetes:
1. family history – having a parent, or siblings with type 1 diabetes can increase your risk.
2. Age – the most chances you can get type 1 diabetes is child, teen or young adult.
Risk factors Of Diabetes Type 2
Type 2 diabetes
The risk factors of type 2 diabetes are :
1. family history – mother, father, brother, or sister.
2. Age – 45 year or older
3. Race- African, American, Native American, Native Americans, some pacific islanders, and Asian American are also higher at risk.
4. History of gestational diabetes or PCOS
5. high blood pressure & high cholesterol
6. intake of smocking and tobacco
7. being overweight
Physical and financial cost of diabetes
Diabetes costs an average of $13,700 per year in medical costs, with diabetes accounting for $7,900 of it.
● This is a 2.3-fold increase in medical costs compared to someone who does not have diabetes
● The majority of survey respondents (74%) had an annual family income of less than $75K, and 32% had an annual family income of more than $75K, according to the current Diabetes in America survey done by Health Union
● For those with a low income, the costs of diabetes pose extra obstacles. Of course, insurance covers some of the costs of medical supplies and doctor appointments
● Thirty-nine percent of poll respondents said their workplace or spouse’s company provides group coverage, and Medicare covers 35 percent of respondents
● However, the individual with type 2 diabetes still has high out-of-pocket expenses
Several government health insurance programs
For medical care such as
• Non-profits that help with insulin costs:-Some of the nonprofitable organizations which also
provide help to patients for diabetes management,
• Children’s diabetes foundation
• RX outreach
• CR3 Diabetes.
Diabetic suppliers for uninsured patients:- Many patients without insurance cannot bear the expenses of diabetes care. There are some resources that can provide help for diabetes care.
• Accucheck and freestyle provide blood glucose meter to patients.
• Know copay.
Prevention of Diabetes
- Minimize the intake of sugar and sugar-related products like sweets etc
- Reduce the number of carbohydrates
- Eat more fiber
- Go for a walk in the morning and evening
- Quit smoking and liquor
- Do physical exercises
- Avoid junk foods
- Maintain a regular body checkup
- It is hereditary so beware of ur parent has diabetes and prevent it initially
Legal issues faced by diabetic employees and children in India
India has an Act called the Rights of persons with disabilities which was enacted on 28 December 2016 and came into effect on 19 April 2017. It replaces the Person with Disabilities Act,1995. Disability is a dynamic concept.
The disabilities covered under this act is-
• Physical disability consisting of locomotor disability (Leprosy cured person, cerebral Palsy, Dwarfism, Muscular Dystrophy, Acid attack victims), visual impairment( Blindness, low vision), hearing impairment( Deaf, hard of hearing), speech and language disability.
• Intellectual disability consisting of specific learning disabilities, autism spectrum disorder. Mental illness, disability caused due to Chronic neurological conditions such as Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease. Blood disorder such as hemophilia, thalassemia, sickle cell disease.
• Multiple disabilities.
People having 40% of the disabilities specified are called person with benchmark disabilities.
This act gives many rights to the citizens of India like free education for children with benchmark disabilities, reservation is government jobs and responsibility is given to the government to ensure that people with disabilities enjoy their rights equally.
These are few rights and entitlements of people with disabilities. There are more rights and entitlements.
However, people with diabetes are not covered under this Act. Various legal issues are faced by children and employees having type 1 or 2 diabetes. 1 in 5 employees in India suffer from diabetes.
Most children too, get diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes in early age. Every year thousands of children in India develop this disease and they do not get any relief or rights based on this disease. There are 70 million diabetic people in India and 80 million more in pre-diabetic people. Employees in corporate India have minimum physical activity and long working hours making it difficult for them to exercise and maintain a work life balance. Diabetes mismanagement is a grave matter which may lead to kidney failures, stroke and many other never and heart diseases. Not only does it affect the individual but also the efficiency and productivity of the workplace. In India, diabetes care management is not well organized, and half the population doesn’t get diagnosed on time due to which diabetes can increase drastically. Type 2 diabetes usually remains undetected for many years due to this reason. It only gets detected through abnormal blood or urine glucose test.
There is a petition going on to take action to include diabetes in this Act. Therefore, Diabetes management and diagnosis should be a personal and professional concern., ensuring that employees and children having this disease get equal opportunity as well as some relief.
Types of Insulin
There are four types of insulin that are most commonly used. They’re differentiated by how quickly they start to work, and how long their effects last:
Rapid-acting insulin starts to work within 15 minutes and its effects last for 3 to 4 hours.
Short-acting insulin starts to work within 30 minutes and lasts 6 to 8 hours.
Intermediate-acting insulin starts to work within 1 to 2 hours and lasts 12 to 18 hours.
Long-acting insulin starts to work a few hours after injection and lasts 24 hours or longer.
Frequently Asked Questions
Learn How it Works!
what Diet is for diabetes?
Use this substitute foods.
• White rice – Brown or wild rice
• White potatoes -Sweet potatoes, yams
• Regular pasta -Whole-wheat pasta
• White bread. – Whole-wheat bread
• Sugary breakfast- cereal -High-fiber, low-sugar cereal
• Instant oatmeal -Steel-cut or rolled oats
• Cornflakes – Low-sugar bran flakes
• Corn-Peas or leafy greens
What should I do to control Diabetes?
If one suffers from type 1 diabetes, the mainstay of therapy is insulin injection as discontinuation of insulin may result in life threatening diabetic emergencies like diabetic ketoacidosis. Till today’s date, there is very little that can be done to restart insulin production from pancreas in type 1 diabetes. The main focus should be on timely administration of correct dosage of insulin and periodic health check up.
Those with type 2 diabetes should adopt a low-sugar and low fat diet; maintain a regular exercise regimen, take timely medicines and schedule timely follow ups with treating doctor.
How does diabetes affect the body?
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that affects multiple organs of the body. It may cause long term complications heart disease, stroke, diabetic foot and gangrene, retinopathy, neuropathy and kidney problems. Uncontrolled diabetes can also cause skin infections, poor-wound healing, recurrent urinary tract infections, and genital infections. It also predisposes to infections like tuberculosis.
What is the Financial help for diabetes care?
Diabetes management is costly. Many people who are suffering from diabetes can not afford the cost of
diabetes care. A person can find help for diabetes care through patient support groups, nonprofit
organizations, private or government health insurance plans can be helpful. There are many financial helps are provided to reduce the cost of diabetes care.
Can diabetes be cured?
As of now, there is no cure for diabetes. Those with type 1 need life-long insulin injections. Those with type 2 can bring it under control with a regimen of medication, diet and exercise. Rarely, there might be a window period where the doctor might discontinue medicines, but it usually recurs.
Will there be any change in my lifestyle after being diagnosed?
There is a need for change in lifestyle after diagnosis as the best way to control diabetes is to take proper medications along with diet-control and regular exercise. These changes are long term and need to be incorporated in your life style.