Mental illness is a important issue and very serious issue about which we don’t talk much and don’t even discuss with someone . 19% of adult population, 46% of teenagers and 13% of children are affected by the mental illness .
What is Mental Health Awareness?
Mental health awareness is very important to address such issues and to talk about this, people are depressed, lonely and we don’t even realize a person is suffering from depression, loneliness because they are can’t talk about this issue.
By mental health awareness , we spread the awareness about mental illness, and what is mental illness, why is it so important and how we can take care of our mental health.
Why is Mental Health important?
Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make healthy choices.1 Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. Although the terms are often used interchangeably, poor mental health and mental illness are not the same things.
A person can experience poor mental health and not be diagnosed with a mental illness. Likewise, a person diagnosed with a mental illness can experience periods of physical, mental, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood.
Positive Mental Health
Positive mental health allows people to
- Realize their full potential
- Cope with the stresses of life
- Work productively
- Make meaningful contributions to their communities
Ways to maintain positive mental health include
- Getting professional help if you need it
- Connecting with others
- Staying positive
- Getting physically active
- Helping others
- Getting enough sleep
- Developing coping skills
Signs of a positive mental health
- Confident when faced with new situations or people
- Feel optimistic
- Do not always blame yourself
- Set goals
- Feel good about yourself
- Have good self esteem
What are the current issues in mental health?
Mental illness is a serious problem and during this ongoing pandemic , we all have faced some kind of a mental illness sometimes.
This pandemic effecting everyone not just physically but also mentally, emotionally. People are scared; feeling lonely, helpless.
Human is a social animal, we can’t live without socialization but this virus and pandemic is restricting everyone to meet their love ones or to social with anyone outside the house.
Everyone is consuming negative news and these news is affecting everyone’s mental health. People are literally going through depression, anxiety in this pandemic but there is no one with them, to talk to them, show concern because everyone is going through same thing.
So, we all know that this time is difficult, India is fighting against this virus and we all should unite and help each other and spread the awareness about mental health.
Tips for better mental health
We feel sad, depressed may be because of the negative space you are in. If you are in negative space, you need to move from a negative space to a positive space.
Stay connected with friends & family
Talk to them, express whatever you are feeling. They also need you.
Regular exercise can really lift up your mood, you will also feel active.
Social media detoxify
Take a break from social media for sometime, when we scroll through social media we start comparing ourselves with others & it make us feel sad.
Get enough sleep
Less than 7 or 6 hours of sleep can effect your mental health, so get a good amount of sleep 7.5 hours a night.
Learn new skills
While learning new things you will feel adventurous & feel good about yourself.
Do something for others
It can be anything, just ask other how are they? or do something for them.
Write whatever you think, the things you are grateful for, your goals.
Listen happy music
Happy music make you feel happy and good about yourself.
Frequently Asked Questions
Learn How it Works!
What does mental-illness mean?
Mental illness is a group of biological brain disorders that affect a person’s thinking, mood, emotions, sense of reality, ability to relate and daily functioning. Common disorders are anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder etc. People of all ages are susceptible but adolescents & young adults are especially vulnerable.
How can you treat mental illness?
As these illnesses are biologically based brain disorders, a regimen of medication and therapy is needed. There is a misconception that mental illnesses such as depression, OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder) can be “snapped out of” or “overcome by willpower”, which is false and breeds a hostile atmosphere.
Therapy with a clinically trained psychologist helps understand your disease better and equips you with the tools you need to deal with the disease.
Support of family, friends & community helps the patient feel less isolated & gives them a platform for open communication. Feeling like a part of a community helps the patient ground themselves.
What is anxiety disorder?
Anxiety is a normal emotional state when you are afraid of something or nervous about an event. An anxiety disorder is a mood syndrome where one displays excessive anxiety, worsening every day. One stays in a state of anxiety for months or even years, with no specific trigger.
What is bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder (Manic Mood disorder) is an unusual mood disorder where a person’s mood fluctuate, thereby affecting mood, energy levels, activity levels and day-to-day tasks.
Bipolar disorder has two main phases – a manic phase & depressive phase. The manic phase is an extremely happy, elated ‘up’ phase whereas is the depressive phase is a sad, down-trodden ‘down’ hopeless phase.
how can Anxiety disorders can be treated?
Medication: Anti-anxiety medication, anti-depression medication, beta-blockers
Psychotherapy: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT), Exposure therapy
Do children have mental health issues?
Children may develop mental health illnesses. Their symptoms differ from adults:
- Changes in school performance
- Poor grades despite effort
- Hyper activity
- Consistent, recurring nightmares
- Aggressive behavior
- Frequent, unmanageable temper tantrums
Various Mental Health Acts prevailing in India
In the pre independence phase the Indian lunatic asylum act of 1858 and Indian Lunacy act of 1912 was passed which worked on establishing mental asylums for treating mentally ill people and locking them, away from the society where psychologists were full time staff. The Act also had provisions for judicial inquisition of mentally ill people.
Section 309 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) When India’s constitution came into effect, mental health was still governed according to the Lunacy Act 1912. This section of the IPC further stigmatized mental health by criminalizing suicide or attempt to suicide with an imprisonment term up to a year or fine or both. This led to further disconnect of already mentally ill people as well as their caregivers. In 1971 and again in 2008 the Law Commission of India suggested the obsoletion of section 309.
After the WW II the United Nations General Assembly implemented the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In the year 1950 the Indian Psychological Society scheduled in the new Mental Health Bill to amend and declare the ILA 1912 obsolete.
The Mental Health Act 1987 was implemented after a long time. Some important features of the Act were-
- Identifying psychiatric disorder and including a new explanation to its diagnosis of emphasis of rehabilitation and recovery than confinement.
- Creating Central and State mental health agencies to overlook and supervised psychiatric hospitals and inform the mental well being problems of the Central/ State governments.
- Admission in psychiatric hospitals only in special circumstances. Entry should be voluntary and registration requirements to be maintained.
- PMI (Person with mental illness) defense of human rights
- PMI property assurance and management.
- The position and authority of police in handling cruelly handled cases involving PMIs.
Mental healthcare bill, 2016
This bill was first introduced in 2013 in the Rajya Sabha by then Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad. This bill marked an important and much needed withdrawal from previous legislation because for the first-timepolitical debate around suicide turned into understanding mental illness and the rights of mentally ill individuals. This bill decriminalized suicide and preserved rights and dignity of mentally ill people by giving them a say in their treatment and giving them mental health care services. After the UPA led Lok Sabha dissolved the bill this MHC Bill was reintroduced by NDA led LokSabha in 2016 with several amendments and was passed in 2017
The Mental Healthcare bill when passed in 2017 came into effect in 2018 and replaced the Mental Health Care Bill of 1987. This included WHO guidelines in the categorization of mental illnesses and restricted the use of electro convulsive therapy (ECT) and its use on minors too. This brought about a huge DE-stigmatization of mental health.